Effect of biofeedback-assisted relaxation training on foot ulcer healing

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2001 Mar;91(3):132-41. doi: 10.7547/87507315-91-3-132.


A prospective, randomized study was conducted to determine the effect of biofeedback-assisted relaxation training on foot ulcer healing. For patients with chronic nonhealing foot ulcers, medical care was combined with a standardized biofeedback-assisted relaxation training program in the experimental group. The intervention was designed to increase peripheral perfusion, thereby promoting healing. A total of 32 patients with chronic nonhealing ulcers participated in the study. In the experimental group, 14 out of 16 ulcers (87.5%) healed, as compared with 7 out of 16 ulcers (43.8%) in the control group.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Foot Ulcer / physiopathology*
  • Foot Ulcer / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Relaxation Therapy*
  • Skin Temperature
  • Wound Healing*