Auxin is a positive regulator for ethylene-mediated response in the growth of Arabidopsis roots

Plant Cell Physiol. 2001 Mar;42(3):301-7. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pce035.


The requirement of auxin for the ethylene-mediated growth response in the root of Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings was investigated using two ethylene-resistant mutants, aux1-7 and eir1-1, whose roots have been shown to have a defect in the auxin influx and efflux carriers, respectively. A 50% inhibition of growth (I(50)) was achieved with 0.84 microl liter(-1) ethylene in wild-type roots, but 71.3 microl liter( -1) ethylene was required to induce I(50) in eir1-1 roots. In aux1-7 roots, I(50) was not obtained even at 1,000 microl liter(-1) ethylene. By contrast, in the presence of 10 nM 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), the concentrations of ethylene required to induce I(50) in eir1-1 and aux1-7 roots were greatly reduced nearly to the level required in wild-type roots. Since the action of NAA to restore the ethylene response in aux1-7 roots was not replaced by IAA, an increase in the intracellular level of auxin is likely to be the cause for the restoration of ethylene response. NAA at 10 nM did not inhibit root growth when applied solely, but it was the optimum concentration to recover the ethylene response in the mutant roots. These results suggest that auxin is a positive regulator for ethylene-induced inhibition in root elongation.

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / drug effects
  • Arabidopsis / growth & development*
  • Ethylenes / metabolism*
  • Ethylenes / pharmacology
  • Indoleacetic Acids / metabolism*
  • Indoleacetic Acids / pharmacology
  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids / metabolism
  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids / pharmacology
  • Plant Roots / drug effects
  • Plant Roots / growth & development


  • Ethylenes
  • Indoleacetic Acids
  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids
  • 1-naphthaleneacetic acid