Enterobactin: the characteristic catecholate siderophore of Enterobacteriaceae is produced by Streptomyces species.(1)

FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001 Mar 15;196(2):147-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2001.tb10556.x.


Enterobactin is described in the literature as the typical iron-chelating compound (siderophore) produced by bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae. In the course of a HPLC with diode array detection screening programme for detection of novel secondary metabolites, enterobactin, its biosynthetic precursor 2,3-dihydroxy-N-benzoylserine and its linear dimer and trimer condensation products were found to be produced by two Streptomyces strains besides the trihydroxamate-type siderophores desferri-ferrioxamine B and E.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Deferoxamine / chemistry
  • Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification
  • Enterobacteriaceae / metabolism
  • Enterobactin / analysis
  • Enterobactin / chemistry
  • Enterobactin / metabolism*
  • Fermentation
  • Ferric Compounds / chemistry
  • Iron Chelating Agents / analysis
  • Siderophores
  • Streptomyces / isolation & purification
  • Streptomyces / metabolism*


  • Ferric Compounds
  • Iron Chelating Agents
  • Siderophores
  • Enterobactin
  • ferrioxamine B
  • Deferoxamine