Studies have shown a high prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in close communities and that intrafamilial spread during early childhood may be a route of transmission. A total of 72 household members from 21 families were enrolled in this study. Sera from individuals showed 50/72 (69.4%) seropositive for IgG against H. pylori by ELISA. Western blots showed diversity in the protein profiles with molecular masses ranging from approximately 8 to 130 kDa. Cohen's kappa statistical analysis of the blot patterns showed that nine families demonstrated similar profiles (100%), while 4 other families showed varying similarities (17-50%). The results support the hypothesis of intrafamilial transmission of H. pylori. Furthermore, serological studies can be used as an effective approach to determine the familial status in relation to H. pylori infection.