We have studied the occurrence and association of 11q deletions with other chromosomal imbalances in Stage 4 neuroblastomas. To this purpose we have performed comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis on 50 Stage 4 neuroblastomas and these data were analyzed together with those from 33 previously published cases. We observed a high incidence of 11q deletion in Stage 4 neuroblastoma without MYCN amplification (59%) whereas 11q loss was only observed in 15% of neuroblastomas with MYCN-amplification (p = 0.0002) or 11% of cases with 1p deletion detected by CGH (p = 0.0001). In addition, 11q loss showed significant positive correlation with 3p loss (p = 0.0002). Event-free survival was poor and not significantly different for patients with or without 11q deletion. Our study provides further evidence that Stage 4 neuroblastomas with 11q deletions represent a distinct genetic subgroup that typically shows no MYCN-amplification nor 1p deletion. Moreover, it shows that neuroblastomas with 11q deletion also often present 3p deletion. This genetic subgroup shows a similar poor prognosis as MYCN amplified 4 neuroblastomas.
Copyright 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.