Large-scale mutagenesis directed at specific chromosomes in wheat

Genome. 2001 Feb;44(1):45-9. doi: 10.1139/gen-44-1-45.


A novel approach has been developed to allow for the efficient selection of loss-of-function wheat mutants in the M1 generation, following either physical or chemical mutagenesis. This has generated an order of magnitude increase in the efficiency of identification of mutants, and also greatly increases the likelihood that selected individuals reflect mutation events at the target locus, rather than at genes acting elsewhere in the disease resistance pathway. The approach relies only on prior knowledge of the chromosomal location of the target gene, and uses the polyploidy of wheat to construct populations for mutagenesis in which large numbers of individuals are hemizygous for the target gene. The idea is illustrated with the mass identification of mutants at three independent genes for race-specific resistance to yellow rust, and one gene for resistance to powdery mildew.

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • Mutagenesis
  • Triticum / genetics*