Early results of a prospective study of limited resection for bronchioloalveolar adenocarcinoma of the lung

Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Mar;71(3):971-4. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4975(00)02507-8.


Background: We reported that bronchioloalveolar adenocarcinoma (BAC) without active fibroblastic proliferation of the lung had no lymph node and pulmonary metastasis and had a favorable prognosis. However, there has been no prospective trial regarding limited pulmonary resection for this type of BAC. The purpose of this study is to confirm the effectiveness of limited resection for histologically confirmed BAC without active fibroblastic proliferation.

Methods: From 1996 through 1999, 42 patients who had small peripheral lung tumors (< or = 20 mm), suspected of being BAC, were enrolled in this trial. The patient population consisted of 24 men and 18 women with a mean age of 58.4 years. Limited resection was completed when BAC, without both active fibroblastic proliferation and lymph node metastasis, was confirmed histologically by intraoperative pathologic examination.

Results: Limited resection was completed in 36 patients, wedge resection in 34, and segmentectomy in 2 patients. In 6 patients, the procedure was converted into lobectomy because of pathologic invasive sign in 3, active fibroblastic proliferation in 1, and for other reasons in 2 patients. All patients have been followed for a median follow-up period of 30 months and are alive without sign of recurrence.

Conclusions: Our early results indicate that limited resection may be an acceptable alternative to lobectomy for histologically confirmed BAC without active fibroblastic proliferation.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar / pathology
  • Adenocarcinoma, Bronchiolo-Alveolar / surgery*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pneumonectomy / methods*
  • Prospective Studies