The present study on the prevalence of intestinal parasites infection, from September to December 1999, was conducted among school children in Taoyuan Hsiang, Kaohsiung county. The investigated areas included three (Jiannshan, Shingjong and Taoyuan) primary schools. The overall infection rate in 305 children determined by Merthiolate-Iodine-Formaldehyde Concentration method of stools was 17%. Four confirmed species of helminthes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Hookworm, Trichuris trichiura and Hymenolepis nana) and three species of protozoa (Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba coli and Blastocystis hominis) were detected. Males and females had the infection rates of 24% and 11%. The infection rates of aboriginal and non-aboriginal children were 17% and 14%, respectively. Grade 1 and Grade 6 had the highest infection rate (21%). Following tape perianal examination of 302 children, the overall infection rate of Enterobius vermicularis was 25%. Males and females had the infection rates of 24% and 26%. The infection rates of aboriginal and non-aboriginal children were 27% and 11%, respectively. Grade 1 had the highest infection rate (37%). Based on these data, the infection rate of intestinal parasites among rural primary school children in Kaohsiung county remains high.