Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: a meta-analysis

Psychol Bull. 2001 Jan;127(1):142-61. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.127.1.142.


To examine how well the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior predict condom use, the authors synthesized 96 data sets (N = 22,594) containing associations between the models' key variables. Consistent with the theory of reasoned action's predictions, (a) condom use was related to intentions (weighted mean r. = .45), (b) intentions were based on attitudes (r. = .58) and subjective norms (r. = .39), and (c) attitudes were associated with behavioral beliefs (r. = .56) and norms were associated with normative beliefs (r. = .46). Consistent with the theory of planned behavior's predictions, perceived behavioral control was related to condom use intentions (r. = .45) and condom use (r. = .25), but in contrast to the theory, it did not contribute significantly to condom use. The strength of these associations, however, was influenced by the consideration of past behavior. Implications of these results for HIV prevention efforts are discussed.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Models, Psychological
  • Motivation*
  • Risk-Taking*
  • Safe Sex* / psychology
  • Safe Sex* / statistics & numerical data
  • Social Values