A comprehensive meta-analysis of the predictive validity of the graduate record examinations: implications for graduate student selection and performance

Psychol Bull. 2001 Jan;127(1):162-181. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.127.1.162.


This meta-analysis examined the validity of the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) and undergraduate grade point average (UGPA) as predictors of graduate school performance. The study included samples from multiple disciplines, considered different criterion measures, and corrected for statistical artifacts. Data from 1,753 independent samples were included in the meta-analysis, yielding 6,589 correlations for 8 different criteria and 82,659 graduate students. The results indicated that the GRE and UGPA are generalizably valid predictors of graduate grade point average, 1st-year graduate grade point average, comprehensive examination scores, publication citation counts, and faculty ratings. GRE correlations with degree attainment and research productivity were consistently positive; however, some lower 90% credibility intervals included 0. Subject Tests tended to be better predictors than the Verbal, Quantitative, and Analytical tests.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • College Admission Test*
  • Education, Graduate*
  • Educational Status*
  • Humans
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results