We have already reported that white-skinned sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) (WSSP) shows antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and genetically diabetic models (yellow KK, db/db mice and Zucker fatty rats). In this study, isolation and purification of the antidiabetic component of WSSP were attempted. Almost all antidiabetic activity was found in the cortex of WSSP. The fractionation of the antidiabetic component in the WSSP cortex was done by the following methods: dialysis of the water extract, 85% ethanol precipitation, 15% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) treatment, butyl-, phenyl-hydrophobic column chromatography, and ultrafiltration treatment. The antidiabetic component was not eliminated during dialysis and was soluble in 85% ethanol and 15% TCA, but it passed through a filter that allows the passage of substances of a molescular weight of 30,000. The uniformity of this isolated active component was analyzed using HPLC. A single peak was seen with three different columns (C8 reverse-phase column, anion exchange QA column, and gel filtration column (GFC)), indicating that the component is a uniform substance. The molecular weight of this antidiabetic component was estimated to be 22,000 by GFC analysis. This active component was presumed to be an acidic glycoprotein because it contained protein and sugar and was adsorbed onto the QA column at pH 7.0.