Map kinases in fungal pathogens

Fungal Genet Biol. 2000 Dec;31(3):137-52. doi: 10.1006/fgbi.2000.1237.


MAP kinases in eukaryotic cells are well known for transducing a variety of extracellular signals to regulate cell growth and differentiation. Recently, MAP kinases homologous to the yeast Fus3/Kss1 MAP kinases have been identified in several fungal pathogens and found to be important for appressorium formation, invasive hyphal growth, and fungal pathogenesis. This MAP kinase pathway also controls diverse growth or differentiation processes, including conidiation, conidial germination, and female fertility. MAP kinases homologous to yeast Slt2 and Hog1 have also been characterized in Candida albicans and Magnaporthe grisea. Mutants disrupted of the Slt2 homologues have weak cell walls, altered hyphal growth, and reduced virulence. The Hog1 homologues are dispensable for growth but are essential for regulating responses to hyperosmotic stress in C. albicans and M. grisea. Overall, recent studies have indicated that MAP kinase pathways may play important roles in regulating growth, differentiation, survival, and pathogenesis in fungal pathogens.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Candida albicans / enzymology
  • Candida albicans / physiology
  • Fungal Proteins / classification
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Fungi / enzymology
  • Fungi / pathogenicity
  • Fungi / physiology*
  • Hemolysin Proteins
  • Magnaporthe / enzymology
  • Magnaporthe / physiology
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / classification
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Mutation
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Ustilago / enzymology
  • Ustilago / physiology


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • CAMP protein, Streptococcus
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Hemolysin Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • FUS3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • HOG1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • KSS1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Pmk1 protein, Magnaporthe grisea
  • SLT2 protein, S cerevisiae