Fibroblasts regulate the switch from acute resolving to chronic persistent inflammation

Trends Immunol. 2001 Apr;22(4):199-204. doi: 10.1016/s1471-4906(01)01863-4.


Fibroblasts are important sentinel cells in the immune system and, here, it is proposed that these cells play a critical role in the switch from acute inflammation to adaptive immunity and tissue repair. It is suggested that chronic inflammation occurs because of disordered fibroblast behaviour in which failure to switch off their inflammatory programme leads to the inappropriate survival and retention of leukocytes within inflamed tissue.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute-Phase Reaction / immunology*
  • Animals
  • Fibroblasts / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / immunology*
  • Leukocytes / immunology*
  • Signal Transduction / immunology*