Introduction: Put Prevention Into Practice (PPIP) consists of a kit of office-based tools intended to support the provision of preventive services by primary care providers. The purpose of this study was to examine the institutionalization of PPIP within five primary care clinics funded by the Texas Department of Health to implement PPIP, and to examine the organizational determinants of program institutionalization.
Methods: We utilized an adaptation of the Level of Institutionalizaton (LoIn) scales for qualitative data collection and for development of an institutionalization score for each site. The determinants of institutionalization were derived from the organizational behavior and health promotion literatures and used as categories for analysis. In addition, for purposes of triangulation, chart audit data for three documentation behaviors were also collected.
Results: PPIP has been maintained--at varying degrees of integration--in four of the five sites studied, for 6 years after adoption. Organizational factors that facilitated the institutionalization process were the site's institutional strength, the integration of PIPP within extant programs and services, visibility of the program within and outside the site, planning for the termination of grant funding, and presence of a program champion with mid- to upper-level managerial authority. Successful initiation of the program was not a predictor of institutionalization outcomes.
Conclusions: We have highlighted the need to consider organizational determinants of institutionalization in relation to their specific sociopolitical contexts, and in relation to each other, not in isolation.