Background: Body-predominant atrophic gastritis is considered a risk factor for gastric cancer and carcinoid. Timing of follow-up for patients with this disorder has not been defined. This study was undertaken to determine the optimal time for the first endoscopic/histologic follow-up in patients with body-predominant atrophic gastritis.
Methods: Forty-two patients with body-predominant atrophic gastritis were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 follow-up intervals: group A (n = 22) at 24 months and group B (n = 20) at 48 months. At baseline and follow-up patients underwent gastroscopy at which biopsies were obtained from the antrum and body for histopathology and evaluation for enterochromaffin-like cells.
Results: In group A patients, 2 antral hyperplastic polyps (9.1%) were present at baseline and 4 antral hyperplastic polyps (18.2%) were found at follow-up. In group B patients, baseline gastroscopy revealed 2 antral hyperplastic polyps (10%) and follow-up 2 antral hyperplastic polyps (10%) and 1 carcinoid tumor (5%) in the body. Atrophy and intestinal metaplasia scores in gastric body and antral mucosa in both groups did not change significantly between baseline and follow-up, except an increase in antral mucosa atrophy in group B patients (p = 0.02) was revealed.
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that performing the first follow-up in patients with body-predominant atrophic gastritis need not be earlier than at 4 years after diagnosis. This interval is satisfactory for detection of potential neoplastic lesions.