The nucleoid-associated protein StpA binds curved DNA, has a greater DNA-binding affinity than H-NS and is present in significant levels in hns mutants

Biochimie. 2001 Feb;83(2):243-9. doi: 10.1016/s0300-9084(01)01232-9.


The StpA protein is closely related to H-NS, the well-characterised global regulator of gene expression which is a major component of eubacterial chromatin. Despite sharing a very high degree of sequence identify and having biochemical properties in common with H-NS, the physiological function of StpA remains unknown. We show that StpA exhibits similar DNA-binding activities to H-NS. Although both display a strong preference for binding to curved DNA, StpA binds DNA with a four-fold higher affinity than H-NS, with K(d)s of 0.7 microM and 2.8 microM, respectively. It has previously been reported that expression of stpA is derepressed in an hns mutant. We have quantified the amount of StpA protein produced under this condition and find it to be only one-tenth the level of H-NS protein in wild-type cells. Our findings explain why the presence of StpA does not compensate for the lack of H-NS in an hns mutant, and why the characteristic pleiotropic hns mutant phenotype is observed.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Binding Sites
  • Blotting, Western
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / metabolism*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Electrophoresis, Agar Gel
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism*
  • Escherichia coli Proteins*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Molecular Chaperones*
  • Plasmids
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Escherichia coli Proteins
  • H-NS protein, bacteria
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • StpA protein, E coli