Numerical selection of optimal tumor imaging agents with application to engineered antibodies

Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2001 Feb;16(1):25-35. doi: 10.1089/108497801750095989.


Three analytic indicators were used to compare five members of a monoclonal antibody (Mab) family. The cognates consisted of the genetically engineered intact chimeric IgGI (cT84.66) and related engineered fragments [scFv, diabody, minibody, F(ab')2] reactive against the same epitope of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). All analyses were based on radioiodinated Mabs targeting to colorectal xenografts of LS174T tumors in nude mice. Affinity constants were evaluated initially. A second indicator was the imaging figure of merit (IFOM) which determines how rapidly a statistically significant tumor image can be acquired. Finally, deconvolution was used to determine tumor temporal response to an arterial bolus. This last analysis gave the possible tumor accumulation in the absence of normal tissue sequestration. Affinities were all in excess of 10(8) M-1 and were highest for the divalent Mabs. Using the IFOM criterion, an 131I label was best suited as a radiolabel for the intact (IgG) T84.66, while an 123I label indicated optimal imaging with either minibody or F(ab')2. Deconvolution analyses showed that divalent members behaved similarly while the univalent member (scFv) had a tumor residence time smaller by an order of magnitude. The diabody had the largest impulse response function, but renal uptake may limit its present usefulness.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / chemistry
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / genetics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacokinetics
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / chemistry
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / genetics
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm / immunology*
  • Antibody Affinity
  • Antigen-Antibody Reactions
  • Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology*
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / immunology*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Drug Design
  • Female
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / chemistry
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / chemistry
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin G / chemistry
  • Immunoglobulin G / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology*
  • Iodine Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics
  • Mice
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Protein Engineering*
  • Radioimmunodetection*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals* / pharmacokinetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / immunology*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / pharmacokinetics
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Transplantation, Heterologous
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / pathology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Neoplasm
  • Antigens, Neoplasm
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
  • Immunoglobulin Fragments
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • immunoglobulin Fv