With the human genome project approaching completion, there is a growing interest in functional analysis of gene products. The characterization of large numbers of proteins, their expression patterns and in vivo localisations, demands the use of automated technology that maintains a logistic link to the encoding genes. As a complementary approach, phage display is used for recombinant protein expression and the selection of interacting (binding) molecules. Cloning of libraries in filamentous bacteriophage or phage mid vectors provides a physical link between the expressed protein and its encoding DNA sequence. High-throughput technology for automated library handling and phage display selection has been developed using picking-spotting robots and a module for pin-based magnetic particle handling. This system enables simultaneous interaction screening of libraries and the selection of binders to different target molecules at high throughput. Target molecules are either displayed on high-density filter membranes (protein filters) or tag-bound to magnetic particles and can be handled as native ligands. Binding activity is confirmed by magnetic particle ELISA in the microtitre format. The whole procedure from immobilisation of target molecules to confirmed clones of binders is automatable. Using this technology, we have selected human scFv antibody fragments against expression products of human cDNA libraries.