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Review
, 37 (15), 871-87

Structural and Functional Properties of Membrane and Secreted IgD

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Review

Structural and Functional Properties of Membrane and Secreted IgD

J L Preud'homme et al. Mol Immunol.

Abstract

More than 35 years ago, study of an unknown immunoglobulin (Ig) in the serum from a myeloma patient led to the discovery of IgD. Subsequently, the finding that it also exists as a membrane-bound Ig stimulated a large number of studies during the 70s. Then, the interest on IgD shrank, largely because of the lack of known function of secretory IgD (secIgD) and of a stagnating knowledge of the functions of surface IgD. In the recent years, very significant advances followed the tremendous accumulation of data on the physiology of the B cell receptor, of which IgD is the major component, on the role of secIgD in normal and diseased individuals. This review, which is focused on human IgD but integrates data in the mouse and other species when needed, summarizes present data on the structure, synthesis and functions of both membrane and secIgD, IgD receptors and the involvement of IgD in various diseases, especially the hyperIgD syndrome.

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