Functional hemizygosity of PAFAH1B3 due to a PAFAH1B3-CLK2 fusion gene in a female with mental retardation, ataxia and atrophy of the brain

Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Apr 1;10(8):797-806. doi: 10.1093/hmg/10.8.797.


We report on the molecular characterization of a translocation t(1;19)(q21.3;q13.2) in a female with mental retardation, ataxia and atrophy of the brain. Sequence analysis of the breakpoints revealed an ALU:-repeat-mediated mechanism of recombination that led to truncation of two genes: the kinase CLK2 and PAFAH1B3, the gene product of which interacts with LIS1 as part of a heterotrimeric G protein complex PAF-AH1B. In addition, two reciprocal fusion genes are present. One expressed fusion gene encodes the first 136 amino acids of PAFAH1B3 followed by the complete CLK2 protein. Truncated PAFAH1B3 protein lost its potential to interact with LIS1 whereas CLK2 activity was conserved within the fusion protein. These data emphasize the importance of PAF-AH1B in brain development and functioning and demonstrate the first fusion gene apparently not associated with cancer.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Alleles
  • Alu Elements
  • Animals
  • Artificial Gene Fusion
  • Ataxia / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • COS Cells
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19*
  • Dementia / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Translocation, Genetic*


  • Clk dual-specificity kinases
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases