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, 85 (2), 161-6

Beta1-adrenergic Agonist Is a Potent Stimulator of Alveolar Fluid Clearance in Hyperoxic Rat Lungs

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Beta1-adrenergic Agonist Is a Potent Stimulator of Alveolar Fluid Clearance in Hyperoxic Rat Lungs

T Sakuma et al. Jpn J Pharmacol.

Abstract

Because it was still uncertain whether a stimulation of beta1-adrenoceptors accelerated alveolar fluid clearance in hyperoxic lung injury, the effect of denopamine, a selective beta1-adrenergic agonist, on alveolar fluid clearance was determined in rats exposed to 93% oxygen for 48 and 56 h. Alveolar fluid clearance was measured by the progressive increase in the concentration of Evans blue labeled albumin instilled into the alveolar spaces over 1 h at 37 degrees C in isolated rat lungs. The principle results were as follows: 1) Although lung water volume increased in rats exposed to hyperoxia for 48 and 56 h, basal alveolar fluid clearance did not change for up to 56 h; 2) Denopamine increased alveolar fluid clearance in rats exposed to hyperoxia as well as in rats without exposure to hyperoxia; 3) Denopamine primarily increased amiloride-insensitive alveolar fluid clearance in rats exposed to hyperoxia; 4) The potency of denopmaine was similar to that of terbutaline, a selective beta2-adrenergic agonist. In summary, denopamine is a potent stimulator of alveolar fluid clearance in rats exposed to hyperoxia.

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