Objective: To determine if the (tttta)(n) repeat polymorphism in the promoter region of CYP11a gene is associated with hirsutism and hyperandrogenism in women from Spain.
Design: Controlled clinical study.
Setting: Tertiary-care institutional hospital.
Patient(s): Ninety-two hirsute women and 33 healthy control women.
Intervention(s): Basal and adrenocorticotropin-stimulated serum samples and genomic DNA extracted and purified from whole-blood samples were obtained during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle.
Main outcome measure(s): CYP11a (tttta)(n) repeat-polymorphism genotype and serum ovarian and adrenal androgen levels.
Result(s): None of the CYP11a (tttta)(n) polymorphic alleles was associated with hirsutism. The absence of the four-repeat-units allele (4R-- genotype), which has been reported by other authors to be associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), was found in 22.4% of the women studied here and was equally distributed among patients and controls, independently of the presence of PCOS and/or ovarian or adrenal hyperandrogenism. No differences were observed in serum hormone concentrations in 4R-- individuals as compared with subjects with at least one four-repeat-units allele.
Conclusion(s): The (tttta)(n) repeat polymorphism in the promoter region of CYP11a does not appear to play any significant role in the pathogenesis of hirsutism and hyperandrogenism in women from Spain.