Bedside placement of postpyloric feeding tubes

AACN Clin Issues. 2000 Nov;11(4):517-30. doi: 10.1097/00044067-200011000-00005.

Abstract

Postpyloric placement of feeding tubes into the duodenum or jejunum is often recommended to support early feeding, improve tolerance of enteral nutrition, and decrease the risk of aspiration pneumonia. Achieving small bowel feeding tube placement can be a difficult, time-consuming, and costly process that may delay the initiation of enteral nutrition. Various bedside techniques, including air insufflation, pH assisted, and spontaneous passage with or without motility agents are available to facilitate transpyloric feeding tube passage. A discussion of these methods is presented in this article, including a hospital-based quality initiative project designed to facilitate early enteral nutrition.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease / nursing
  • Critical Care / methods*
  • Duodenum
  • Enteral Nutrition / methods*
  • Enteral Nutrition / nursing*
  • Humans
  • Pylorus