Drug- and chemical-induced cholestasis

Clin Liver Dis. 1999 Aug;3(3):433-64, vii. doi: 10.1016/s1089-3261(05)70079-9.


Cholestasis resulting from drugs is an increasingly recognized cause of liver disease. It produces a broad clinical-pathologic spectrum of injury that includes simple jaundice, cholestatic hepatitis, and bile duct injury that can mimic extrahepatic biliary obstruction, primary biliary cirrhosis, and sclerosing cholangitis. Although the risk of drug-induced cholestasis leading to a fatal outcome is quite rare, knowledge and recognition of the various forms of cholestatic injury assumes an importance whenever clinicians are confronted with jaundice or other manifestations of liver disease in patients receiving medicinal or chemical agents.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects
  • Cholestasis / chemically induced*
  • Cholestasis / classification
  • Cholestasis / pathology
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects
  • Psychotropic Drugs / adverse effects
  • Steroids / adverse effects


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Psychotropic Drugs
  • Steroids