Effect of trans-resveratrol on 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin O-dealkylation catalyzed by human recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;79(3):220-6.


Red wine concentrate has been reported to inhibit the catalytic activity of human recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. Wine contains many polyphenolic compounds, including trans-resveratrol, which is also available commercially as a nutraceutical product. In the present study, we examined the in vitro effect of trans-resveratrol on human CYP3A catalytic activity by employing recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 as model enzymes and 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin (BFC) as a CYP3A substrate. Trans-resveratrol inhibited BFC O-dealkylation catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in a concentration-dependent manner. In each case, the inhibition was noncompetitive, as determined by Lineweaver-Burk and Dixon plots of the enzyme kinetic data. The apparent Ki values (mean +/- SEM) for the inhibition by trans-resveratrol of BFC O-dealkylation catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 were 10.2+/-1.1 microM and 14.7+/-0.3 microM, respectively. Preincubation of trans-resveratrol with NADPH and CYP3A4 or CYP3A5 for 10 or 15 min prior to initiation of substrate oxidation did not enhance the inhibitory effect, suggesting that this compound was not a mechanism-based inactivator of CYP3A4 or CYP3A5 when BFC was used as the substrate. Overall, our study provides the first demonstration that trans-resveratrol inhibits, in vitro, a substrate oxidation reaction catalyzed by human recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Catalysis
  • Coumarins / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Dealkylation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Kinetics
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / pharmacology*


  • 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin
  • Coumarins
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Stilbenes
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • CYP3A protein, human
  • CYP3A5 protein, human
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
  • CYP3A4 protein, human
  • Resveratrol