Emerging waterborne infections in health-care settings

Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr;7(2):272-6. doi: 10.3201/eid0702.010225.


Water is used in vast quantities in health-care premises. Many aquatic microorganisms can survive and flourish in water with minimal nutrients and can be transferred to vulnerable hospital patients in direct (e.g., inhalation, ingestion, surface absorption) and indirect ways (e.g., by instruments and utensils). Many outbreaks of infection or pseudoinfection occur through lack of prevention measures and ignorance of the source and transmission of opportunistic pathogens.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Communicable Diseases / etiology*
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Disease Reservoirs
  • Disinfection
  • Health Facilities*
  • Humans
  • Legionellosis / prevention & control
  • Opportunistic Infections / etiology
  • Opportunistic Infections / prevention & control*
  • Private Sector
  • Public Sector
  • Water Microbiology*
  • Water Supply