Feeding back surveillance data to prevent hospital-acquired infections

Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr;7(2):295-8. doi: 10.3201/eid0702.010230.


We describe the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance system. Elements of the system critical for successful reduction of nosocomial infection rates include voluntary participation and confidentiality; standard definitions and protocols; identification of populations at high risk; site-specific, risk- adjusted infection rates comparable across institutions; adequate numbers of trained infection control professionals; dissemination of data to health-care providers; and a link between monitored rates and prevention efforts.

MeSH terms

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Data Collection
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Disease Notification / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • National Health Programs / statistics & numerical data
  • National Health Programs / trends*
  • Population Surveillance*
  • United States / epidemiology