Engineering out the risk for infection with urinary catheters

Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr;7(2):342-7. doi: 10.3201/eid0702.010240.


Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common nosocomial infection. Each year, more than 1 million patients in U.S. acute-care hospitals and extended-care facilities acquire such an infection; the risk with short-term catheterization is 5% per day. CAUTI is the second most common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection, and studies suggest that patients with CAUTI have an increased institutional death rate, unrelated to the development of urosepsis. Novel urinary catheters impregnated with nitrofurazone or minocycline and rifampin or coated with a silver alloy-hydrogel exhibit antiinfective surface activity that significantly reduces the risk of CAUTI for short-term catheterizations not exceeding 2-3 weeks.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Urinary Catheterization / methods*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / prevention & control*