Analysis of myocilin gene mutations in Japanese patients with normal tension glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma

Clin Genet. 2001 Apr;59(4):263-8. doi: 10.1034/j.1399-0004.2001.590408.x.


The myocilin gene was identified as a gene (MYOC) that caused primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Although a normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patient with the myocilin gene mutation was previously reported, no study using large numbers of patients with NTG has been reported. Single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and subsequent sequence analysis were performed for genotyping the myocilin gene in 114 unrelated Japanese patients with NTG. One hundred and nineteen patients with POAG and 100 control subjects without glaucoma were studied as reference subjects. Five amino acid sequence changes of the myocilin were identified: Arg46Stop (one NTG), Arg76Lys (four NTG, 10 POAG, seven control), Arg158Gln (one NTG, one POAG, one control) found in only Japanese, Asp208Glu (four NTG, three POAG, one control), Pro481Ser (one control). Pro481Ser was novel. Arg76Lys always occurred with 1-83 from G to A in the promoter as it was reported in Chinese. Although some Japanese patients with NTG had sequence changes of the myocilin gene, there were no apparent specific mutations in patients with NTG.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Eye Proteins / genetics*
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / epidemiology
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / genetics*
  • Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic


  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Eye Proteins
  • Glycoproteins
  • trabecular meshwork-induced glucocorticoid response protein