UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes belonging to the UGT2B subfamily catalyze the transfer of glucuronic acid to a large number of endogenous compounds, particularly steroids, to facilitate their elimination from target cells. A novel human UGT2B cDNA of 1666 bp was isolated and encodes a 529-amino acid protein named UGT2B28 type I. Glucuronidation assays demonstrated that UGT2B28 type I catalyzes the conjugation of endogenous and exogenous compounds. The tissue distribution of UGT2B28 revealed the expression of the type I transcript in the liver, breast, and LNCaP cells. Two other UGT2B cDNAs were isolated, and sequence analysis led to the identification of two truncated UGT2B28 species. UGT2B28 type II differs from type I by a deletion of 308 bp in the cofactor binding domain, whereas UGT2B28 type III lacks 351 bp in the putative substrate binding domain. All UGT2B28 isoforms are encoded by a single UGT2B28 gene which has a genomic organization similar to that of the other UGT2B genes characterized thus far. Although no substrates could be identified for the shorter isoforms, the three subtypes were shown to be located in the endoplasmic reticulum and the perinuclear membrane, demonstrating that the missing domains are not required for the subcellular localization of these UGT2B proteins. However, all the domains remain necessary for observing glucuronidation activity. The expression of UGT2B28 type I in the breast and liver suggests a role of this enzyme in the androgen and estrogen metabolism in these tissues.