Costimulation of resting B lymphocytes alters the IL-4-activated IRS2 signaling pathway in a STAT6 independent manner: implications for cell survival and proliferation

Cell Res. 2001 Mar;11(1):44-54. doi: 10.1038/sj.cr.7290065.

Abstract

IL-4 is an important B cell survival and growth factor. IL-4 induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS2 in resting B lymphocytes and in LPS- or CD40L-activated blasts. Phosphorylated IRS2 coprecipitated with the p85 subunit of PI 3' kinase in both resting and activated cells. By contrast, association of phosphorylated IRS2 with GRB2 was not detected in resting B cells after IL-4 treatment although both proteins were expressed. However, IL-4 induced association of IRS2 with GRB2 in B cell blasts. The pattern of IL-4-induced recruitment of p85 and GRB2 to IRS2 observed in B cells derived from STAT6 null mice was identical to that observed for normal mice. While IL-4 alone does not induce activation of MEK, a MEK1 inhibitor suppressed the IL-4-induced proliferative response of LPS-activated B cell blasts. These results demonstrate that costimulation of splenic B cells alters IL-4-induced signal transduction independent of STAT6 leading to proliferation. Furthermore, proliferation induced by IL-4 in LPS-activated blasts is dependent upon the MAP kinase pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Apoptosis / physiology
  • B-Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • CD40 Ligand / pharmacology
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Division / physiology*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / physiology*
  • Cells, Cultured / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured / immunology
  • Cells, Cultured / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • GRB2 Adaptor Protein
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
  • Interleukin-4 / metabolism*
  • Interleukin-4 / pharmacology
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / drug effects
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases / metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / drug effects
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins / drug effects
  • Phosphoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / drug effects
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proteins / drug effects
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • STAT6 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Trans-Activators / deficiency*
  • Trans-Activators / genetics

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • GRB2 Adaptor Protein
  • Grb2 protein, mouse
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Irs2 protein, mouse
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proteins
  • STAT6 Transcription Factor
  • Stat6 protein, mouse
  • Trans-Activators
  • CD40 Ligand
  • Interleukin-4
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 1
  • Map2k1 protein, mouse
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases