The aim of this study was to determine whether internalisation of the angiotensin II (Ang II) AT(1A) receptor (AT(1A)R) was a prerequisite for Ang II-induced activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases, ERK-1/2. The human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cell line stably transfected with either the wild-type rat AT(1A)R or an internalisation-deficient C-terminal truncated mutant of the AT(1A)R (AT(1A)T318R) was used as a model for these studies. Inhibition of AT(1A)R internalisation by treatment with an inhibitor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, Concanavalin A (Con A), did not inhibit Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 activation. Furthermore, cells transfected with the internalisation-deficient AT(1A)T318R mutant readily activated ERK-1/2 in response to Ang II. Ang II activated ERK-1/2 via two distinct signalling pathways in HEK-AT(1A)R cells. Approximately half of Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 activation was protein kinase C (PKC)-dependent, and the remainder was calcium- and c-Src-dependent and involved transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). In summary, Ang II-induced activation of ERK-1/2 occurs via two distinct pathways in HEK293 cells, neither of which requires AT(1A)R internalisation.