Biosynthesis of lipid-linked oligosaccharides in yeast: the ALG3 gene encodes the Dol-P-Man:Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol mannosyltransferase

Biol Chem. 2001 Feb;382(2):321-8. doi: 10.1515/BC.2001.039.


The formation of N-glycosidic linkages of glycoproteins involves the ordered assembly of the common Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 core-oligosaccharide on the lipid carrier dolichyl pyrophosphate. Whereas early mannosylation steps occur on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum with GDP-Man as donor, the final reactions from Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol to Man9GlcNAc2-PP-Dol on the lumenal side use Dol-P-Man. We have investigated these later stages in vitro using a detergent-solubilized enzyme extract from yeast membranes. Mannosyltransfer from Dol-P-Man to [3H]Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol with formation of all intermediates up to Man9GlcNAc2-PP-Dol occured in a rapid, time- and protein-dependent fashion. We find that the initial reaction from Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol to Man6GlcNAc2-PP-Dol is independent of metal ions, but further elongations need Mn2+ that can be partly replaced by Mg2+ or Ca2+. Zn2+ or Cd2+ ions were found to inhibit formation of Man(7-9)GlcNAc2-PP-Dol, but do not affect synthesis of Man6GlcNAc2-PP-Dol. Extension did not occur when the acceptor was added as a free Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharide or when GDP-Man was used as mannosyl donor. The alg3 mutant was described to accumulate Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol. We expressed a functional active HA-epitope tagged ALG3 fusion and succeeded to selectively immunoprecipitate the Dol-P-Man:Man5GlcNAc2-PP-Dol mannosyltransferase activity from the other enzymes of the detergent extract involved in the subsequent mannosylation reactions. This demonstrates that Alg3p represents the mannosyltransferase itself and not an accessory protein involved in the reaction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Precipitation
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / biosynthesis*
  • Mannosyltransferases / genetics*
  • Mannosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Metals
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Solubility
  • Yeasts / genetics
  • Yeasts / metabolism*


  • Fungal Proteins
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Metals
  • Polyisoprenyl Phosphate Oligosaccharides
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • mannosyl(5)-N-acetyl(2)-glucose diphosphate dolichol
  • ALG3 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Mannosyltransferases
  • dolichyl-P-Man:Man(5)GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichol alpha-1,3-mannosyltransferase