Study of processing parameters influencing the properties of diltiazem hydrochloride microspheres

J Microencapsul. 2001 May-Jun;18(3):299-307. doi: 10.1080/02652040010019488.


Diltiazem hydrochloride-ethylcellulose microspheres were prepared by the water-in-oil emulsion-solvent evaporation technique. Small and spherical microspheres having a mean microsphere diameter in the range of 40-300 microm and entrapment efficiency of approximately 60-90% were obtained. Scanning electron micrographs of drug-loaded microspheres showed the presence of uniformly distributed small pores and absence of drug crystals on their surface, indicating simultaneous precipitation of drug and the polymer from the solvent during solvent evaporation. Differential scanning calorimetric analysis confirmed the absence of any drug-polymer interaction. The in vitro release profile could be altered significantly by changing various processing parameters to give a controlled release of drug from the microspheres. The stability studies of the drug-loaded microspheres showed that the drug was stable at storage temperatures, 5-55 degreesC, for 12 weeks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Cellulose / analogs & derivatives
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Diltiazem / administration & dosage*
  • Drug Compounding / methods
  • Drug Stability
  • Emulsions
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Microspheres
  • Solvents
  • Water


  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Emulsions
  • Solvents
  • Water
  • ethyl cellulose
  • Cellulose
  • Diltiazem