Gibberellin response mutants identified by luciferase imaging

Plant J. 2001 Mar;25(5):509-19. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.2001.00980.x.


The gibberellin (GA) 20-oxidase encoded by Arabidopsis GA5 catalyzes the synthesis of active GAs. GA5 is a regulatory step in GA biosynthesis as GA5 mRNA levels are negatively regulated by its bioactive GA products. A fusion between the GA5 promoter and the firefly luciferase reporter (GA5-LUC) was shown to be similarly regulated, indicating GA feedback of GA5 occurs at the transcriptional level. The fidelity of the GA5-LUC reporter permitted a fusion genetic screen to identify mutants altered in transgene expression. This bioimaging screen identified two types of recessive mutants with increased LUC activity and apparent GA-related growth phenotypes, a dwarf (lue1) and two late flowering mutants (fpa1-3 and fpa1-4). Mutant progeny exhibited altered levels of LUC and of endogenous GA5 and other GA-regulated mRNAs. SSLP-based mapping localized lue1 to chromosome I near the ga2 locus, although complementation analyzes showed that lue1 is not allelic to ga2. Mapping and complementation analyzes showed that the late flowering mutants are allelic to fpa1. This provides genetic evidence for crosstalk between the autonomous and gibberellin-dependent flowering pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arabidopsis / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis / metabolism
  • Arabidopsis / physiology
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant*
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Gibberellins / biosynthesis
  • Gibberellins / metabolism*
  • Glucuronidase / metabolism
  • Luciferases / genetics
  • Luciferases / metabolism
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics*
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism


  • Gibberellins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases
  • Luciferases
  • gibberellin, 2-oxoglutarate-oxygen oxidoreductase (20-hydroxylating, oxidizing)
  • Glucuronidase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AL079350
  • GENBANK/U20901