Comparative evaluation of antioxidant potential of alaternin (2-hydroxyemodin) and emodin

J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Dec;48(12):6347-51. doi: 10.1021/jf000936r.


The antioxidant activities of alaternin (2-hydroxyemodin) and emodin were compared for their respective potentials to inhibit lipid peroxidation in the linoleic acid system by the thiocyanate method, to inhibit total reactive oxygen species generation in kidney homogenates using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, to inhibit peroxynitrite formation by the 3-morpholinosydnonimine system, which generates superoxide radical and nitrogen monooxide, and to scavenge authentic peroxynitrites. Both alaternin and emodin were found to inhibit the peroxidation of linoleic acid by the thiocyanate method in a dose-dependent manner. Whereas the former shows inhibitory activities in reactive oxygen- and nitogen-mediated reactions, the latter does not. These results indicate that alaternin is a potentially effective and versatile antioxidant and can be used to protect biological systems and functions against various oxidative stresses.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants
  • Emodin / analogs & derivatives
  • Emodin / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Free Radical Scavengers / metabolism
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*


  • Antioxidants
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • 2-hydroxyemodin
  • Emodin