The insulin-like growth factor I receptor-induced interaction of insulin receptor substrate-4 and Crk-II

Endocrinology. 2001 May;142(5):1835-40. doi: 10.1210/endo.142.5.8135.


Stimulation of the insulin or insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptor results in activation of several signaling pathways. Proteins of the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) family play important roles in mediating these signaling cascades. To date, four members of the IRS family of docking proteins have been characterized. Recently, we have reported that stimulation of the IGF-I receptor in 293 HEK cells regulates interaction of the newly discovered IRS-4 molecule with the Crk family of proteins. In the present study, we characterize the molecular basis of these interactions. C- and N termini truncation analysis of IRS-4 demonstrated that the region between amino acids 678 and 800 of the IRS-4 molecule is involved in this interaction. This region contains a cluster of four tyrosines (Y(700), Y(717), Y(743), and Y(779)). We hypothesize that one or more of these tyrosines are involved in the interaction between the SH2 domain of the Crk-II molecule when IRS-4 is phosphorylated upon IGF-I receptor activation. Additional mutational analyses confirmed this hypothesis. Interestingly, none of these four tyrosines was individually critical for the interaction between Crk-II and IRS-4, but when all four tyrosines were simultaneously mutated to phenylalanine, the IGF-I induced interaction between these molecules was abolished. Taken together, these results suggest a novel mechanism of Crk-II binding to tyrosine phosphorylated proteins.

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Animals
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
  • Mice
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-crk
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / physiology*
  • Tyrosine / metabolism


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • CRKL protein
  • Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins
  • Irs4 protein, mouse
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-crk
  • Tyrosine
  • Protein Kinases
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1