One of the most important advances of the past 10 to 15 years in the field of pediatric cardiology is the improvement in prognosis for neonates with complex congenital heart disease. During the past 18 months, several publications have addressed outcomes in neonates with congenital heart disease. Many of these reports demonstrate continuing improvement in preoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative survival among patients with complex neonatal heart defects. Other reports shed substantial new light on late functional outcome, especially neurodevelopmental status. In addition to data on survival, morbidity, and functional status, we discuss developments in perioperative evaluation and management that are likely to further the trend toward improved outcome for neonates with complex congenital heart disease.