New Tonopen XL: comparison with the Goldmann tonometer

Eye (Lond). 2001 Feb;15(Pt 1):52-8. doi: 10.1038/eye.2001.13.


Purpose: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) values obtained using a Goldmann tonometer (Haag-Streit) with those obtained with the new Tonopen XL (Mentor), which has certain differences compared with first- and second-generation models.

Methods: The IOPs of 104 patients were assessed by Goldmann tonometer and Tonopen XL tonometer. Goldmann measurements was done first in 145 eyes and Tonopen measurements were done first in 53 eyes. Four observers measured the IOP. Observers A, B and C used the Goldmann tonometer first and then the Tonopen XL, while observer D used the Tonopen XL first and then the Goldmann tonometer. The results were analysed by descriptive analysis and, when the distribution of the data was normal, paired t-test and Pearson's r coefficient were used to compare and correlate IOP measurements between Goldmann and Tonopen measurements. When the distribution of the data was non-normal, the Wilcoxon matched-pair test and Spearman coefficient were used. The agreement between Goldmann and Tonopen values was also calculated. ANOVA test was used to compare the difference obtained by 'Goldmann minus Tonopen' measurements among the three different observers.

Results: A statistically significant difference (p < 0.0001) was found between the IOP readings obtained by Goldmann tonometer and the Tonopen XL and a significant correlation was found between the Goldmann values and Tonopen XL values (p < 0.001). When the Goldmann IOP was more than 20 mmHg the Tonopen XL measurements were lower than the Goldmann values. Also in this group this difference was statistically significant. No significant difference was found between Goldmann values and Tonopen values among the three observers, even though a significant difference was found between Goldmann values and Tonopen values for observer B. When the values obtained by first the Goldmann tonometer and then the Tonopen XL were compared with those obtained by first the Tonopen XL and then the Goldmann tonometer, no significant difference was found between the two groups.

Conclusion: The new Tonopen XL provides similar results to the Goldmann tomometer in 62% of the cases and was slightly less accurate than the Goldmann tonometer for extreme values, just like the previous Tonopen. Nevertheless the precision is good enough for the purpose of adequate screening.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Glaucoma / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Observer Variation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Tonometry, Ocular / instrumentation*
  • Tonometry, Ocular / methods