This article starts with a concise synopsis of the history of edema. The role of underfilling, overflow, antidiuretic hormone, and acquaporins is subsequently discussed. Emphasis is given to the use of diuretics in edematous patients. The role and risks of albumin infusion are illustrated. The new hypothesis of pulse reverse osmosis is discussed. The final section deals with the measurement of colloid osmotic pressure in the clinical setting.
Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company