Coregulation of glucose uptake and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in two small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) sublines in vivo and in vitro

Neoplasia. Jan-Feb 2001;3(1):80-7. doi: 10.1038/sj.neo.7900133.


We examined the relationship between (18)F- labeled 2-fluro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) uptake, and expression of glucose transporters (GLUTs) in two human small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines CPH 54A and CPH 54B. Changes in the expression of GLUTs and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) during 12-, 18-, and 24 hours of severe hypoxia in vivo (xenografts) and in vitro (cell cultures) were recorded for both tumor lines. The two SCLC lines are subpopulations of the same patient tumor. In spite of their common genomic origin they represent consistently different metabolic and microenvironmental phenotypes as well as treatment sensitivities. There were higher levels of Glut-1 protein in 54B and a correspondingly higher FDG uptake in this tumor line (P<.001). During hypoxia a significant upregulation of in VEGF mRNA, GLUT-1 mRNA, and Glut-1 and -3 protein occurred with a distinctly different time course in the two cell lines. A similar co-upregulation of GLUT and VEGF was seen in hypoxic tumors of both lines. There were no significant changes of HIF-1alpha mRNA during hypoxia in either of the cell lines. A more detailed understanding of such correlations between glucose metabolism, angiogenesis, and microenvironmental phenotype of tumors, by positron emission tomography (PET) and molecular techniques might further sophisticate our interpretation of glycolytic predominance in tumors as seen by 18FFDG PET.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / diagnostic imaging
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / metabolism*
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / metabolism
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Glucose Transporter Type 1
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia / metabolism
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lymphokines / genetics
  • Lymphokines / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed
  • Transcription Factors*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Up-Regulation
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Glucose Transporter Type 1
  • HIF1A protein, human
  • Hif1a protein, mouse
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
  • Lymphokines
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • SLC2A1 protein, human
  • Slc2a1 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Glucose