Abnormal development of the lesser wing of the sphenoid with microphthalmos and microcephaly

Neuroradiology. 2001 Feb;43(2):178-82. doi: 10.1007/s002340000455.


We report two patients with abnormal development of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone, globe, optic nerve and cerebral hemisphere without stigmata of neurofibromatosis type 1. The lesser wing of the sphenoid bone was abnormally formed and was not ossified ipsilateral to the dysmorphic eye and underdeveloped cerebral hemisphere. Maldevelopment of the sphenoid wing may interfere with the normal closure of the optic vesicle and normal growth of encephalic structures, possibly by disturbing developmental tissue interactions. These patients may exhibit a type of restricted primary sphenoid dysplasia, while the sphenoid dysplasia of neurofibromatosis type 1 may be secondary to orbital or ocular neurofibromas and other factors associated with that disease.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microcephaly / complications
  • Microcephaly / diagnostic imaging*
  • Microphthalmos / complications
  • Microphthalmos / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neurofibromatosis 1 / diagnosis
  • Sphenoid Bone / abnormalities*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*