The 1st percutaneous transluminal angioplasty marked a new era in the treatment of peripheral atherosclerotic lesions. The early techniques used in peripheral percutaneous transluminal angioplasty form the basis for subsequent percutaneous intervention both in the peripheral and coronary arteries and are largely the contribution of Charles Dotter. Dotter was the 1st to describe flow-directed balloon catheterization, the double-lumen balloon catheter, the safety guidewire, percutaneous arterial stenting, and more. This practical genius dedicated his considerable energy to the belief that there is always a better way to treat disease. His personal contributions to clinical medicine, research, and teaching have saved millions of limbs and lives all over the world.