Treatment of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal problems in cerebral palsy

Pediatr Rehabil. 2001 Jan-Mar;4(1):5-16. doi: 10.1080/13638490151068393.


Cerebral palsy typically involves a variety of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal problems. These problems include spasticity, dystonia, contractures, abnormal bone growth, poor balance, and loss of selective motor control. These problems can interfere with function and treating them can improve function. The treatments include physical and occupational therapy, bracing, oral medications, neurolytic blocks, neurosurgical procedures, orthopaedic surgery and others. Using a multidisciplinary treatment team with a good understanding of cerebral palsy, the best treatment options can be determined and functional outcomes maximized.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy / physiopathology*
  • Cerebral Palsy / therapy*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / therapy*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / therapy*
  • Recovery of Function