Role of AMPA receptor endocytosis in synaptic plasticity

Nat Rev Neurosci. 2001 May;2(5):315-24. doi: 10.1038/35072500.


Activity-mediated changes in the strength of synaptic communication are important for the establishment of proper neuronal connections during development and for the experience-dependent modification of neural circuitry that is believed to underlie all forms of behavioural plasticity. Owing to the wide-ranging significance of synaptic plasticity, considerable efforts have been made to identify the mechanisms by which synaptic changes are triggered and expressed. New evidence indicates that one important expression mechanism of several long-lasting forms of synaptic plasticity might involve the physical transport of AMPA-type glutamate receptors in and out of the synaptic membrane. Here, we focus on the rapidly accumulating evidence that AMPA receptors undergo regulated endocytosis, which is important for long-term depression.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Central Nervous System / metabolism
  • Central Nervous System / ultrastructure
  • Endocytosis / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Neuronal Plasticity / physiology*
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Receptors, AMPA / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology
  • Synapses / metabolism*
  • Synapses / ultrastructure


  • Receptors, AMPA