A signaling pathway from the alpha5beta1 and alpha(v)beta3 integrins that elevates bcl-2 transcription

J Biol Chem. 2001 Jul 27;276(30):27757-63. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M102014200. Epub 2001 May 1.

Abstract

Integrin-mediated cell adhesion is necessary for the survival of many cell types, and loss of adhesion causes apoptosis. We have previously shown that the alpha5beta1 integrin supports cell survival on fibronectin and increases Bcl-2 protein expression. Here we show that bcl-2 transcription is elevated in cells that attach to fibronectin through alpha(v)beta1 or to vitronectin through alpha(v)beta3 but is not elevated in cells attaching through the alpha(v)beta1 integrin. Bcl-2 protein expression and protection from apoptosis under serum-free conditions correlated with bcl-2 transcription. This integrin-mediated regulation of bcl-2 is Shc- and FAK-dependent, and activation of Ras by FAK is required. Furthermore, Ras mediates this up-regulation of bcl-2 by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-AKT pathway. Mitogen-activated protein kinase did not appear to be necessary for the activation of bcl-2 transcription. Therefore, our work characterizes the pathway that mediates the effect of integrins on bcl-2 transcription and cell survival.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Survival
  • Cricetinae
  • Culture Media, Serum-Free
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Fibronectins / metabolism
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Immunoblotting
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / biosynthesis*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Fibronectin / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Vitronectin / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transfection
  • Up-Regulation*
  • Vitronectin / metabolism
  • ras Proteins / metabolism

Substances

  • Culture Media, Serum-Free
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Fibronectins
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Receptors, Fibronectin
  • Receptors, Vitronectin
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Vitronectin
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • ras Proteins