Objective: To investigate the potential of novel magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic techniques for the assessment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations.
Methods: Forty patients who were about to undergo stereotactic radiosurgery were prospectively recruited. Three-dimensional, sliding-slab interleaved ky (SLINKY), time-of-flight acquisition was performed, as was a dynamic MR digital subtraction angiography (DSA) procedure in which single thick slices (6-10 cm) were obtained using a radiofrequency spoiled Fourier-acquired steady-state sequence (1 image/s). Sixty images were acquired, in two or three projections, during passage of a 6- to 10-ml bolus of gadolinium chelate. Subtraction and postprocessing were performed, and images were viewed in an inverted cine mode. SLINKY time-of-flight acquisition was repeated after the administration of gadolinium. Routine stereotactic conventional catheter angiography was performed after MR imaging. All images were assessed (in a blinded randomized manner) for Spetzler-Martin grading and determination of associated vascular pathological features.
Results: Forty-one arteriovenous malformations were assessed in 40 patients. Contrast-enhanced (CE) SLINKY MR angiography was the most consistent MR imaging technique, yielding a 95% correlation with the Spetzler-Martin classification defined by conventional catheter angiography; MR DSA exhibited 90% agreement, and SLINKY MR angiography exhibited 81% agreement. CE SLINKY MR angiography provided improved nidus delineation, compared with non-CE SLINKY MR angiography. Dynamic information from MR DSA significantly improved the observation of early-draining veins and associated aneurysms.
Conclusion: CE SLINKY MR angiographic assessment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations offers significant advantages, compared with the use of non-CE SLINKY MR angiography, including improved nidus demonstration. MR DSA shows promise as a noninvasive method for dynamic angiography but is presently restricted by limitations in both temporal and spatial resolution.