Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumour. To date, 60 well-documented cases have been published in the English-language literature. Two additional cases located in the posterior region of the mandible are reported. The relevant clinicopathological features of these cases, as well as those previously reported are discussed. Approximately two-thirds of AFS are malignant tumors de novo, with an average age of the affected patients being 22.9 years. This age is lower than the one observed in AFS developing from a pre-existent benign lesion (mean 33 years). Although regional and distant metastases are very infrequent, AFS is a locally aggressive lesion, with 23 (37%) of the reported cases having at least one recurrence; 12 patients (19.3%) died of the disease. Wide surgical excision with long-term follow-up remains the treatment of choice for this neoplasm.