Paternal uniparental disomy (UPD) of chromosome 6 has been reported several times in patients with (transient) neonatal diabetes mellitus ((T)NDM). Here we present our short tandem repeat typing results in a new patient with NDM, revealing a paternal isodisomy (UPiD). Summarising these data with those published previously on complete paternal (n=13) and maternal (n=2) UPD6, all cases show isodisomy. In general, several modes of UPD formation have been suggested: While a meiotic origin of UPD mainly results in a uniparental heterodisomy (UPhD), UPiD is probably the result of a post-zygotic mitotic error. This mode of formation consists of a mitotic nondisjunction in a disomic zygote, followed by either a trisomic rescue or a reduplication. Endoduplication in a monosomic zygote is another possible but less probable mechanism, taking into consideration that monosomic zygotes are not viable. The exclusive finding of isodisomy in case of chromosome 6 therefore gives strong evidence that segregational errors of this chromosome are mainly influenced by postzygotic factors. This hypothesis is supported by the observation of two cases with partial paternal UPiD6 originating from mitotic recombination events. The influence of mitotic segregational errors in UPD6 formation is in agreement with the results in trisomy/UPD of other chromosomes of the C group (7 and 8), and is in remarkable contrast to the findings in studies on the origin of the frequent aneuploidies. Multiple factors ensure normal segregation and we speculate that they vary in importance for each chromosome.