Protein kinase C (PKC)-θ, a serine/threonine protein kinase and novel PKC subfamily member, has been recently identified as an essential component of the T cell synapse which activates the NF-kB signaling cascade leading to expression of the IL-2 gene during T cell activation. By RNA in situ hybridization to whole-body embryo sections it is shown that the murine PKCθ is specifically expressed in tissues with hematopoietic and lymphopoietic activity. Expression is also evident in skeletal muscle. A further highly specific expression was observed in the peripheral and central nervous system which is described in detail. Expression in the brain persists up to adult stages.